Airbus Scraps E-Fan X Electric Hybrid Jet

Airbus has today announced that it is scrapping its plans to launch a hybrid-electric aircraft called the E-Fan…

Airbus Scraps E-Fan X Electric Hybrid Jet

Airbus has today announced that it is scrapping its plans to launch a hybrid-electric aircraft called the E-Fan X. The aircraft was a part of a project between Airbus and Rolls-Royce, which was launched in 2017. However, given the ongoing pandemic and its impact on the airline industry, Airbus has assessed that further development on this project is not viable at the moment.

Rolls Royce and Airbus are currently working on testing hybrid technology. Photo: Airbus via Rolls Royce

The project was part of the European Commission’s Flightpath 2050 vision to develop a quieter and more environment-friendly aircraft. Moreover, the project had reached key milestones and was set to undergo its maiden flight in 2021.

The decision

The Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of Airbus, Grazia Vittadini, has said that the decision has come as a part of Airbus’ strategy to prioritize its current ambitions. She added:

As with all ground-breaking R&T projects, it’s our duty to constantly evaluate and reprioritize them to ensure alignment with our ambitions. These decisions are not always easy. But they’re undoubtedly necessary to stay the course.

Over that, Rolls-Royce CTO Paul Stein has openly stated that the cancellation of the project was a mutual decision based on the current situation. He said,” it has become clear to both parties that the actual requirement to carry out a test flight with all the elements integrated is not critical at this time.”

Moreover, he reasoned that as an aircraft, E-Fan X was always designed to be a demonstrator. There were no plans to put the plane into commercial service. Hence, the scrapping of aircraft development was justified as the industry has bigger problems to solve right now.

Airbus is prioritizing adaptation to the current crisis over the development of futuristic aircraft. Photo: Airbus

Aircraft design and learnings

E-Fan X was to be made out of various components of pre-existing electric and aircraft manufacturers. The body of the aircraft was planned to be the same as that of British Aerospace (BAe) 146. However, one out of four of its Lycoming turbofans was to be replaced by a Siemens 2 MW (2700 hp) electric motor. Although most of the aircraft was pretty much similar to a BAe 146, E-Fan X was expected to demonstrate the capabilities of electric-powered airplanes.

Unfortunately, the design has been scrapped even before the aircraft took its first flight. But, Airbus and Rolls-Royce have both been content with the lessons and learnings that they have gained from this project. Specifically, those relating to hybrid architectures, high-voltage systems, and battery technologies. Airbus’ innovation segment is already using some of these breakthroughs for other purposes.

Despite the abandoning of the E-Fan X project, Stein has said that Rolls-Royce will independently keep working on the power generation systems to capture all the possible lessons. This involves the integration of the generator with its control and thermal management systems. This means that Rolls-Royce will continue with the development of the electric engine, which can be fitted on any aircraft in the near future.

Airbus E Fan X plans
A layout of E-Fan X. We can expect similar aircraft in the future. Photo: Airbus

To conclude, although the plan might be officially canceled, we can be hopeful to see Rolls-Royce contributing to a similar hybrid-electric aircraft soon.

Do you think the cancellation of E-Fan X was the right decision? Let us know in the comments.

Source : Simple Flying More   

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Goodbye SAA: South Africa To Get A New National Carrier

South African Airways seems to have reached the end of the line. Despite clinging on to life for…

Goodbye SAA: South Africa To Get A New National Carrier

South African Airways seems to have reached the end of the line. Despite clinging on to life for the past few months, the airline is now just days away from either being wound down slowly or liquidated quickly, depending on the actions of its 4,700 employees. This would make way for a new national carrier, one which it is hoped will provide jobs for the many who are set to lose out with the closure of SAA.

South African Airways is days away from liquidation. Photo: Getty Images

End of the runway for SAA

South African Airways, almost a century old, seems to have reached the end of the runway. Discussions that took place yesterday between the Public Enterprises Department, SAA’s rescue practitioners, and workers unions suggest that the airline is on the verge of being liquidated.

Business Rescue Practitioners (BRPs) Les Matuson and Siviwe Dongwana had previously planned to liquidate the airline and had issued a deadline of the 24th April for workers to choose between terminating their contracts or liquidating the airline. However, they .

Now, it seems that a deal has been reached which will see SAA closed down and liquidated, and a new airline formed in its place.

The National Transport Movement (NTM) has alleged that the decision has been made to form a new airline during a meeting between unions and the Public Enterprises Minister Pravin Gordhan. In a statement to EWN, NTM president Mashudu Raphetha said,

“It is with great regard that after having had the meeting with the minister, the new airline will be born out of SAA. We have tried our level best to ensure that the airline still flies [and] we need to participate in the formation of the airline in order to keep most jobs.”

According to Raphetha, discussions about a new airline are already at an advanced stage and further details will be released soon.

Confusion at the unions

Although the message from NTM is abundantly clear, the same message doesn’t seem to have filtered through to the unions. The National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (Numsa) and the South African Cabin Crews Associations (Sacca), who jointly represent the bulk of the airline’s 4,700 employees, seem convinced that the government will swoop in with an eleventh-hour rescue package.

The two unions last night released a joint statement urging members not to sign the retrenchment agreements proposed by the BRPs. They accuse Matuson and Dongwana of spreading “misinformation and emotional propaganda,” saying that workers are facing “undue pressure” to sign the agreements. In the statement, the unions complain about,

“…the undue pressure these persons are placing on employees during this period of uncertainty and anxiety to sign hollow and conditional retrenchment agreements, tantamount to workers being forced to essentially relinquish their rights.”

Unions say workers are being pressured to sign. Photo: Getty Images

The unions say that the next 48 hours are critical in their mission to save SAA. Indeed, workers have been given until Friday, May 1st to sign the agreements. All of the 4,700 employees need to sign the agreement to terminate their contracts; if they do not, the BRPs will be forced to undertake immediate liquidation procedures.

With the termination contracts unsigned, SAA workers will forgo any severance pay. To claim their wages and any other pay they are owed, these people will be forced to join the queue behind other creditors of the airline. NTM has strongly recommended workers sign the agreement by Friday.

What do you think about the situation at SAA? Is it time for the workers to back down and sign the retrenchment plan? Let us know in the comments.

Source : Simple Flying More   

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