Ariane 5 to launch civilian, military satellites; mission to clear way for James Webb launch

In an important prelude to the James Webb Space Telescope launch, planned for no earlier… The post Ariane 5 to launch civilian, military satellites; mission to clear way for James Webb launch appeared first on NASASpaceFlight.com.

Ariane 5 to launch civilian, military satellites; mission to clear way for James Webb launch

In an important prelude to the James Webb Space Telescope launch, planned for no earlier than mid-December, the Ariane 5 rocket will make its second flight of 2021 and its 111th mission overall with the VA255 flight to take two communication satellites into a geostationary transfer orbit. 

Liftoff from ELA-3 at the Guiana Space Centre near Kourou, French Guiana, is scheduled for Saturday, October 23, at 9:01 pm EDT (01:01 UTC on Sunday, October 24) at the start of a 2 hour 29 minute launch window that extends until 11:30 pm EDT (03:30 UTC).

The Payload

With the performance capability of the Ariane 5, the launcher — unlike others — is capable of lofting two large satellites into a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) trajectory at the same time.

The upper payload is deployed first, followed by SYLDA jettison to expose the lower payload — referred to as a “passenger” by Arianespace — before it, too, is released into its needed GTO trajectory.

For the VA255 mission, SES-17 will ride in the upper position, deploying first at T+29 minutes 35 seconds — after the rocket’s upper stage completes the orbit insertion process approximately 25 minutes after liftoff.

SYRACUSE 4A will separate last, at T+38 minutes 41 seconds into flight.

SES-17

SES-17 is a 6,411-kilogram telecommunications satellite that will serve the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Americas from geostationary orbit. Built by Thales Alenia Space, the satellite uses Ka-band frequencies and contains SES’s first digital payload while featuring nearly 200 spot beams — each of which can be adjusted to meet real-time requirements.

SES-17’s services will primarily be used by the aviation, maritime, and government sectors. Based on the all-electric SpacebusNEO200 platform, its solar arrays provide up to 15 kilowatts of power while the entire satellite is designed for 15 years of service.

The SpacebusNEO200 platform contains the 5th generation Digital Transparent Processor (DTP) from Thales Alenia Space. The first of its kind to fly on an SES satellite, the DTP will enable quick and efficient frequency changes and unlimited gateway switching and traffic routing.

Another feature of SES-17 is a new mechanically pumped loop cooling system to transport heat to the spacecraft’s radiators. The first of its kind to be used on a large communications satellite, the loop replaces the traditional heat pipe cooling system that has reached its limit for satellites of this size.

Overall, SES-17 will be the 42nd SES satellite and the 164th Thales Alenia Space satellite to be launched by Arianespace.

SYRACUSE 4A

The SYRACUSE 4A military communications satellite has a launch mass of 3,852 kilograms and will support French and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) military operations with Ka- and X-band secure, jamming resistant communications.

SYRACUSE 4A is the first of two SYRACUSE 4 satellites, the other being SYRACUSE 4B, contracted by the French Armament General Directorate to replace the SYRACUSE 3 satellites launched in the mid-2000s.

The payload fairing for the VA255 flight (center) is lifted in a processing facility at the launch site. (Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace Optique video du CSG/JM Guillon)

The new generation of SYRACUSE 4 sentinels will add capabilities to the network. The satellites are built by Thales Alenia and are designed to serve for at least 15 years.

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SYRACUSE 4A is based on the Spacebus NEO 100 platform from Thales Alenia Space while its sister satellite, SYRACUSE 4B, will be based on the Airbus Defence and Space Eurostar-3000EOR bus. 

The payloads and instruments for both satellites are provided by Thales Alenia Space.

The SYRACUSE 4 satellite line was developed in cooperation with CNES (centre national d’études spatiales) and the Space Command of the French Air and Space Force. It will be the 165th Thales Alenia Space satellite and the 46th French satellite launched by Arianespace.

The flight

Mission VA255 will carry its two communication satellites into a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) via the Ariane 5 rocket.

Artist’s impression of payload fairing separation during the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope launch. (Credit: ESA – D. Ducros)

The mission will mark the heaviest payload for the rocket at 11.2 metric tons.

After fueling and final polling are complete, the rocket will enter the terminal count, proceeding down to the T0 mark when the first stage’s Vulcain 2 engine will be commanded to ignite.

At T+7 seconds, after the Vulcain 2 engine is up and running and its health confirmed, the rocket will light its twin Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) — each of which provides 5,060 kN of thrust at liftoff, increasing to 7,080 kN as the stack ascends into vacuum.

The SRBs will burn out and separate at T+2 minutes 18 seconds, followed by payload fairing jettison at T+3 minutes 17 seconds.

The fairing separation sequence is a critical part of the mission and serves as a second confirmation that a rework to their separation design — after back-to-back issues in mid-2020 grounded the launcher for a year — is indeed working as planned.

Confirmation of a successful redesign is crucial in clearing the next Ariane 5 for the line’s flagship mission: launching the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope. 

For the VA255 mission, the first stage of the Ariane 5 will complete its job around the 9-minute mark and will shut down its Vulcain 2 engine. The ESC-A (Étage Supérieur Cryotechnique – A) will then ignite shortly afterward to complete the insertion into the desired GTO trajectory. 

This burn will end about 25 minutes after liftoff, placing the craft and satellites into a 250 x 35,200 km orbit inclined 6 degrees to the equator.

Payload deployment will follow at T+29 minutes 35 seconds for SES-17, T+36 minutes 20 seconds for the SYLDA adaptor, and T+38 minutes 41 seconds for SYRACUSE 4A.

SES-17 and SYRACUSE 4A will then use their propellants and engines to raise their orbits to their final geostationary targets.

(Lead image: An Araine 5 lifts off from ELA-3 on the VA253 mission in August 2020. Credit: ESA/Arianespace.)

The post Ariane 5 to launch civilian, military satellites; mission to clear way for James Webb launch appeared first on NASASpaceFlight.com.

Source : NASA More   

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Martian aesthetics of Dune (2021) movie

The most recent adaptation of Frank Herbert's 1965 novel "Dune" – Denis Villeneuve's movie "Dune: Part One" (2021) was one of the most anticipated sci-fi movies of the year. It was released internationally on September 15 and in the US on October 22. The movie is brilliant and without a doubt the best visual adaptation of the famous novel. We are waiting for Part Two. Dune has always been somewhat Martian. And the most recent movie is not an exception. Granted, planet Dune is a hot desert, not cold as Mars is, has breathable atmosphere, advanced life forms and Earth-like gravity but the scenery is pretty Martian. The landscapes in Villeneuve's movie has even been filmed in the same place where The Martian (2015) has been – Wadi Rum desert in Jordan. And it doesn't stop at landscapes – the Brutalist buildings of Arrakeen has Martian vibes as well. Arrakeen Palace: Ornithopter flying in Dune's sky: Atreides spaceships and troops arriving on Dune: Arrakeen city: Ornithopter leaving research station: Harkonnen soldiers leaving Dune: Harkonnen spaceships leaving Dune: Old research station: Ornithopters flying over Arrakeen city: Spice harvester: Spice storage area: Attack on Arrakeen: Harkoneen shuttles flying over Arrakeen: Sandstorm approaching a canyon: Sarduakar imperial soldier:

Martian aesthetics of Dune (2021) movie
The most recent adaptation of Frank Herbert's 1965 novel "Dune" – Denis Villeneuve's movie "Dune: Part One" (2021) was one of the most anticipated sci-fi movies of the year. It was released internationally on September 15 and in the US on October 22. The movie is brilliant and without a doubt the best visual adaptation of the famous novel. We are waiting for Part Two.

Dune has always been somewhat Martian. And the most recent movie is not an exception. Granted, planet Dune is a hot desert, not cold as Mars is, has breathable atmosphere, advanced life forms and Earth-like gravity but the scenery is pretty Martian. The landscapes in Villeneuve's movie has even been filmed in the same place where The Martian (2015) has been – Wadi Rum desert in Jordan. And it doesn't stop at landscapes – the Brutalist buildings of Arrakeen has Martian vibes as well.
Arrakeen Palace:
Ornithopter flying in Dune's sky:
Atreides spaceships and troops arriving on Dune:
Arrakeen city:
Ornithopter leaving research station:
Harkonnen soldiers leaving Dune:
Harkonnen spaceships leaving Dune:
Old research station:
Ornithopters flying over Arrakeen city:
Spice harvester:
Spice storage area:
Attack on Arrakeen:
Harkoneen shuttles flying over Arrakeen:
Sandstorm approaching a canyon:
Sarduakar imperial soldier:
Source : Human Mars More   

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