Citizens Anxious as Food Prices Fluctuate in North Korea

Even the capital Pyongyang is suffering major price shocks as rice prices rise nearly 30 percent.

Citizens Anxious as Food Prices Fluctuate in North Korea

North Koreans are growing anxious as food prices have begun to fluctuate wildly amid uncertainty over the reopening of the border with China and the resumption of trade with Pyongyang’s largest trading partner.

The northeast Asian neighbors shut down their 880-mile border in January 2020 at the start of the coronavirus pandemic, cutting off North Korea’s lifeline to the world, including access to food imports to cover shortages, leading to rising prices as grain stocks begin to run out.

“Yesterday morning at the local market here in Pyongsong, the price of domestic rice was 5,400 won [U.S. $1.04] per kilogram [2.2 pounds], but it fell to 4,900 won [U.S. $0.94] at closing time,” a resident of the South Pyongan provincial capital, a satellite city of Pyongyang, told RFA’s Korean Service June 9.

“I don’t understand why food prices and exchange rates are constantly changing. Yesterday the exchange rate for the U.S. dollar was 6,100 won, but it went down to 5,300 in the evening,” said the source, who requested anonymity for security reasons.

Buyers are now trying to speculate on the price fluctuations, waiting until late in the day before flocking to the market to try to get a good deal on food and other living essentials, according to the source.

“But sometimes the residents are perplexed whenever food prices are higher in the evening than they were in the morning at opening,” said the source.

Another source, a resident of Ryongchon county in North Pyongan province in the northwest, told RFA that the trend for June has been that food prices are rising, while the value of foreign currencies has been falling against the won.

Weakening foreign currencies indicate that North Korean trading companies are not trying to acquire foreign cash to do business abroad, and are less optimistic that cross-border trade will resume soon.

“Nowadays the price of Chinese rice is 4,600 won [$0.88] and domestic rice is 5,000 won [$0.96] per kilogram,” said the second source, who requested anonymity to speak freely.

These prices are considerably higher than the average domestic rice price of 4,000 won ($0.77) in April, and 4,700 won ($0.90) in May, according to the second source.

“The period of the year from May to June is called the barley hump, when grain stocks produced last year are nearly exhausted so the increase in food prices is inevitable,” the second source said. 

“This year, due to strict quarantine rules because of the coronavirus, and with the Chinese border still being closed–meaning there are no food imports–it’s all going to lead to a further increase in food prices,” said the second source.

Foreign currencies rose in value earlier in the year when there were rumblings that the border with China would reopen, but with the year nearly half over, the dollar and yuan are trending in the opposite direction, according to the second source.

“The exchange rate was 7,100 won per dollar in May, but it fell into the 5,000s in June and will hit a record low in the post coronavirus period as long as there is no hope of trade resumption,” the second source said.

“The reason behind the fall in the exchange rate is that fewer trading companies are buying foreign currency to import and export as the number of coronavirus patients is still increasing, and there is therefore less hope that border trade will resume in the near future,” said the second source, referring to North Korea’s tally of “suspected” coronavirus cases.

Though Pyongyang continues to tell the international community that the country is completely virus-free, RFA reported last year that authorities admitted in a series of lectures that COVID-19 was spreading in three geographically distant areas of the country, including in the capital Pyongyang.

North Korean health authorities have officially kept track of cases they suspect might be coronavirus, but in the event of the death of a patient suspected positive, a different cause is usually listed, and the body is quickly cremated, according to previous RFA reports.

Pyongyang price controls fail

Food prices have also sharply increased in Pyongyang despite authorities’ efforts to shield the country’s elite citizens from price shocks. Even during the double squeeze of international nuclear sanctions and most of the coronavirus emergency, the price of food in the capital had remained stable.

“The price of a kilogram of rice, which used to be around 5,000 [$0.96] won until last month, is now 7,000 won [$1.35],” a resident of Pyongyang told RFA on June 4.

“I’ve never seen food prices rise so steeply like this, not even during the outbreak of the coronavirus, even after the border was completely sealed off and food routes from the outside were blocked,” said the third source, who declined to be named.

Another Pyongyang resident confirmed the increase to 7,000 won, saying, “I have lived in Pyongyang for more than 20 years, but I’ve never seen such high food prices.”

Reported by Hyemin Son and Jeong Yon Park for RFA’s Korean Service. Translated by Leejin Jun and Jinha Shin. Written in English by Eugene Whong.

Source : Radio Free Asia More   

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Ousted Myanmar Leader Aung San Suu Kyi Goes on Trial in Naypyidaw

Human Rights Watch calls the trial a move by Myanmar's military to remove any chance of future opposition to its rule.

Ousted Myanmar Leader Aung San Suu Kyi Goes on Trial in Naypyidaw

Myanmar State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint, former national leaders deposed in a February 1 military coup, went on trial in the Myanmar capital Naypyidaw on Monday, with rights groups calling the charges against the pair “bogus” and politically motivated, sources said.

Meeting in a session closed to the public, the court heard three charges of alleged violations of Myanmar’s Disaster Management Law, Telecommunications Law, and Import/Export Law, defense attorney Min Min Soe told reporters after the day’s hearing.

“The trial opened at about 10:20 a.m. with [a reading of] the charge against the President under Section 25 of the Natural Disaster Management Law, and this was followed by the case of Amay Suu, who was charged under the same law,” Min Min Soe said, using an honorific to refer to the former de facto national leader and democracy icon.

After a short recess, the trial resumed at 1:45 with Myanmar police captain Kyi Lwin giving testimony against Aung San Suu Kyi related to a charge under Section 67 of the Telecommunications Law, Min Min Soe said, with another witness later giving testimony related to a charge against her under Section 8 of the Import/Export Law.

“Today’s session only heard witnesses for the prosecution,” the defense attorney said, adding that Aung San Suu Kyi appeared to be in good health apart from what he described as a “minor dental issue.” The trial will resume Monday, he said.

Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director for the rights group Human Rights Watch, called the criminal charges filed by the court against Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of Myanmar’s National League for Democracy (NLD), “bogus, and politically motivated by the intention to nullify her landslide election victory in the November 2020 election and prevent her from ever running for office again.”

Aung San Suu Kyi should be immediately and unconditionally released, with all charges against her dropped, Robertson said in a statement Monday.

“But sadly, with the restrictions on access to her lawyers, and the case being heard in front of a court that is wholly beholden to the military junta, there is little likelihood she will receive a fair trial,” Robertson said.

“This trial is clearly the opening salvo in an overall strategy to neuter Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy party as a force that can challenge military rule in the future.”

Multiple charges

Aung San Suu Kyi has been charged in five cases in Naypyidaw and one in the former Myanmar capital Yangon for allegedly violating the colonial-era Official Secrets Act and with bribery, incitement and sedition, violation of the telecommunication laws, possession of unlicensed walkie-talkie radios, and violations of protocols set up to contain the spread of coronavirus.

The most serious charge against the 75-year-old Nobel laureate, for allegedly violating the Official Secrets Act, carries a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison.

Myanmar’s military has defended its government takeover, claiming without evidence that the NLD’s landslide victory in the country’s November elections was the result of voter fraud, and authorities have responded to widespread protests against its coup with violent crackdowns that have killed more than 850 people.

On Monday, the lawyer for Nathan Maung, a U.S. journalist arrested three months ago in Myanmar while working for a local online news service, said a court has now freed Maung and dropped all charges against him.

Maung will be deported from the country on Tuesday, according to attorney Tin Zar Oo, wire service reports said on Monday.

Myanmar national Hanthar Nyein, a colleague arrested with Maung, and Danny Fenster, a U.S. journalist and managing editor for the print and online magazine Frontier Myanmar, remain in military custody, sources said.

Reported by RFA’s Myanmar Service. Translated by Khin Maung Nyane. Written in English by Richard Finney.

Source : Radio Free Asia More   

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