Great Reads in Photography: May 16, 2021

Every Sunday, we bring together a collection of easy-reading articles from analytical to how-to to photo-features in no particular order that did not make our regular daily coverage. Enjoy! Seeing Silicon Valley: Life Inside a Fraying America — Lenscratch Elisa and Family © Mary Beth Meehan, courtesy University of Chicago Press. 2021 Mary Beth Meehan […]

Great Reads in Photography: May 16, 2021

Every Sunday, we bring together a collection of easy-reading articles from analytical to how-to to photo-features in no particular order that did not make our regular daily coverage. Enjoy!


Seeing Silicon Valley: Life Inside a Fraying America — Lenscratch

From "Seeing Silicon Valley: Life Inside a Fraying America" University of Chicago Press, 2021
Elisa and Family © Mary Beth Meehan, courtesy University of Chicago Press. 2021
Mary Beth Meehan © Molly Heller

Acclaimed photographer Mary Beth Meehan and Silicon Valley culture expert Fred Turner join forces to give us an unseen view of the heart of the tech world.

“With arresting photography and intimate stories, Seeing Silicon Valley makes this hidden world visible,” says Aline Smithson in Lenscratch. “Instead of young entrepreneurs striving for efficiency in minimalist corporate campuses, we see portraits of struggle—families displaced by an impossible real estate market, workers striving for a living wage, and communities harmed by environmental degradation.

“If the fate of Silicon Valley is the fate of America—as so many of its boosters claim—then this book gives us an unvarnished look into the future.”

From "Seeing Silicon Valley: Life Inside a Fraying America" University of Chicago Press, 2021
Ravi and Gouthami © Mary Beth Meehan, courtesy University of Chicago Press, 2021

Silicon Valley glitters with the promise of extraordinary wealth and innovation. But behind the façade lies a world segregated by race, class, and nationality in complex and contradictory ways.

Cristobal was born in Bakersfield, out in the desert. After high school, he served eight years in the Army, including one tour in the Iraq war. He now works full time as a security guard at Facebook. He starts at dawn, guiding cars on and off the campus, and making sure walkers looking down at their phones cross safely. Despite this job, he has no health benefits, and he can’t afford to have a home in Silicon Valley. He’d like to go back to Bakersfield, to be near his mother, but there’s no work there. So he keeps doing his best. Cristobal feels he works hard, and has given back to his country, but his pay forces him to live in a rented repurposed shed, in a back yard in Mountain View. He’s starting to get angry. “Silicon Valley is a shithole,” he says.
Cristobal © Mary Beth Meehan, courtesy University of Chicago Press, 2021

“For those who have not been fortunate enough to make billionaire lists, for midlevel engineers and food truck workers and longtime residents, the valley has become increasingly inhospitable, testing their resilience and resolve,” say photographer Meehan and Turner in The New York Times.


– The Guardian

© Nick Meyer, photo courtesy MACK

Nick Meyer (b.1981), who holds an MFA from California College of the Arts, grew up in a small mill town of Greenfield in Western Massachusetts. Since his youth, the town’s terrain has been in flux, with houses and shops continuously erected, razed, and rebuilt in the chasm left by disintegrated industries.

The Local documents a town caught between aspiration and decline, a deeply personal account that reveals the struggles, tumult, and everyday life that occur in a place which, from the outside, appears caught in stasis.

© Nick Meyer, photos courtesy MACK

Meyer’s hometown becomes a many-layered, poetic, and often ghostly space, recalling T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land and William Carlos Williams’ Patterson.

“I have watched the landscape shift, caught up in its own history and touched by the world passing through,” says Meyer in The Guardian. “I have seen houses and shops built, abandoned, torn down and rebuilt, but mostly things have stayed the same.”

© Nick Meyer, photo courtesy MACK

“The thing that I really like about photography and something that I’ve always been enamored by is its inability, to tell the truth,” Meyer tells BuzzFeedNews. “Even a photojournalist, they can’t always tell the truth. It’s always going to be this one person’s view…While I’m photographing real things in the real world, the bottom line is still the very subjective approach of my own.”


– Radio Free Europe

The haunting statue of Bitter Memory of Childhood. The young girl clutching a handful of wheat is dedicated to the most vulnerable victims of starvation – children. Picking up wheat left on the collective farm fields after reaping was considered a crime and was punishable by up to 10 years of imprisonment or even death. National Museum of the Holodomor-Genocide, Kyiv, Ukraine. Depositphotos

The Bolsheviks, who were members of the extremist wing of the Russian Social Democratic party that seized power in Russia by the Revolution of November 1917, never wanted the world to know the story of the Holodomor.

Communist authorities under Soviet dictator Josef Stalin forced peasants in Ukraine to join collective farms and took away their grain and other food products. This man-made famine killed 4 million Ukrainians from 1932-33. Stalin and his henchmen suppressed the news at home and abroad as they were intent on creating an idealized portrait of the Soviet Union.

This is the story of a handful of photographers who defied the Soviet authorities by capturing the horrors of the Holodomor on film. They were foreigners, most notably Alexander WienerbergerJames Abbe, and Whiting Williams.


10 of Richard Avedon’s Best Unpublished Photos — L’officiel

 

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Here is a collection of 10 of Richard Avedon’s best unpublished photos. And if you wish to see more of Avedon’s work, there are 85,459 posts at #RichardAvedon where he joyfully contradicts the cliche “the camera never lies.”


Shortlist 2021 – Sky Sports

The Lioness © Brandon Magnus, courtesy World Sports Photography Awards

World Sports Photography Awards is created by a unique partnership between Twelfthman, a sports creative and design agency, and Iconify, the awards agency behind innovative awards campaigns.

Beechers Brook, Aintree Grand National, UK © Marc Aspland, courtesy World Sports Photography Awards
Fly © Pedro Henrique Alves Fiuza, courtesy World Sports Photography Awards

The winners will be announced on June 2, but right now, you can see the shortlist 2021, which has over 400 photos across 20 different sports.


A Photographer’s View from Inside a Brooklyn Junior High – The New Yorker

 

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Photographer Meryl Meisler worked as an art teacher in Bushwick, Brooklyn, at Roland Hayes Intermediate School 291. She studied with Lisette Model in New York City.

In a new book, New York: PARADISE LOST Bushwick Era Disco, out in June, she shows images that she captured of her students and colleagues during her teaching days from 1981-1994.

“The students were on the pulse of popular culture, exuded youthful pride, and could challenge one’s wits,” she tells The New Yorker.


– Blind

 

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“I took my share of risks photographing the way I did, especially during the late seventies when it felt like New York was unraveling,” writes Jeffrey Hiller in Blind. “I rode the subways in the middle of the night and ventured into unsafe places where I didn’t belong. But I was preoccupied making photographs. The camera served as a protective device, giving me a purpose and sense of security…New York is still in my blood. I can still feel the rhythm of the city.”


Looking at the Legacy of ’90s Family Portraiture – L’Officiel

Here is a revisit to four iconic photographers from the ’90s who reimagined the concept of family portraiture.

Richard Billingham: Ray’s a Laugh, courtesy Errata Editions
Sally Mann: Immediate Family, courtesy Aperture

“From Michael Clegg and Yair Martin Guttmann, who distantly and meticulously photographed power families; to Richard Billingham’s spontaneous and dirty realism; the tenebrous Southern Gothic style of Sally Mann; or the sumptuously classic imagery by Carrie Mae Weems; their bodies of work disclose the dynamics and complexities of family portraiture,” say Mateos and Teyssou in the article above.


How Can Photography be Used to Rehabilitate in Prisons? – It’s Nice That

 

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A new book, by Professor of photography Nigel Poor,  The San Quentin Project, addresses that very question. It shows us a dose of daily life inside one of America’s oldest and largest prisons.

Prof. Poor first began volunteering at San Quentin State Prison in 2011. She teaches photography classes and runs produced alongside a team inside the prison.

“The students in Poor’s class not only reflect on their lives or on lives adjacent to theirs but also provide insight into the iconic works of well-known photographers,” says Reginald Dwayne Betts in an essay in the book.


You’re Not Using Your iPhone’s Portrait Mode Correctly: 7 Ways to Upgrade Your Selfies – CNET


Why I Like This Photo Stephanie Sinclair

Mir Hasan holds his daughter, Chandtara, with the elephant they live with and take care of, Rajleali, at the Elephant Village in Jaipur, India.  © Stephanie Sinclair

I like this photograph because the muted color palette of almost monochrome tonality reflects the emotion of the tender moment captured.

In March 2013, I photographed Mir Hasan and his daughter Chandtara alongside the Asian elephant, Rajleali, at the Elephant Village in Jaipur, India. I worked in natural light with a Canon EOS 5D Mark III and a Canon EF 35mm f/1.4 L USM lens to capture this affectionate embrace. As I made this image, I loved how Rajleali’s enormous form took up the entire background, setting the backdrop for this moment and naturally framing the mahout and his child.

Mahouts, or elephant keepers, are commonly family professions. The trainers are assigned an elephant early in its life, and the pair essentially live together from that point on, typically forming a close bond.

I visited the village as part of a global assignment on animal and human healthcare and was fascinated to learn how the mahouts combined Eastern and Western medicine to treat the elephants’ ailments. I had the good fortune of visiting this unconventional family during the Hindu religious festival of Holi, for which Rajleali was painted with bright colors. However, I was most profoundly moved by the depth to which the mahouts trusted their young children to be so close to the elephants, even unsupervised, and the gentle disposition of these beautiful creatures.

The Elephant Village is situated at the foot of the Amber Palace and Fort and can house up to 100 elephants and their mahouts. The design is meant to create a series of water bodies to harvest the rain runoff, as this is the most crucial resource in the Indian state of Rajasthan’s desert climate, with a goal to mimic the elephants’ natural habitats. Still, whether it’s a zoo, circus, or any other commercial venue, an elephant’s natural environment cannot be replicated in captivity. For instance, elephants in the wild have one of the largest home ranges, often walking up to 40 miles each day.

I would have the privilege of intimately spending time with these majestic beings a few years later while on assignment, once again photographing working elephants, not long before Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus closed their doors in 2017. Unlike domesticated animals, working alongside, breeding, and interacting with the world’s biggest land mammals has not changed their behavior, and they remain wild yet sensitive, sentient beings.

Stephanie Sinclair (American, b. 1973) is known for gaining unique access to the most sensitive gender and human rights issues around the world. Her images of the occupation of Iraq and the war in Afghanistan refute characterizations of violence in anything but human terms. Her studies of domestic life in developing countries and the United States bring into sharp relief the physical and emotional tolls that entrenched social conventions can take on those most vulnerable to abuse. The ongoing capstone of Ms. Sinclair’s career is her 15-year series, Too Young to Wed, which examines the deeply troubling practice of early, forced, and child marriage as it appears around the world today.


Quote of the Week (or a previous week): Helen Levitt (1913 – 2009)

Since I’m inarticulate, I express myself with images. –

Levitt lived in New York City and remained active as a photographer for nearly 70 years.

Embed from Getty Images

To see an archive of past issues of Great Reads in Photography, click 


We welcome comments as well as suggestions. As we cannot possibly cover each and every source, if you see something interesting in your reading or local newspaper anywhere in the world, kindly forward the link to us . ALL messages will be personally acknowledged.


About the author: Phil Mistry is a photographer and teacher based in Atlanta, GA. He started one of the first digital camera classes in New York City at  in the 90s. He was the director and teacher for Sony/Popular Photography magazine’s Digital Days Workshops. You can reach him via email .


Image credits: All photographs as credited and used with permission from the photographers or agencies.

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10 Basic Landscape Photography Composition Tips

Composition in landscape photography is of utmost importance for creating amazing photos. It is basically the way we put the objects in our frame to carve out meaningful images. There are many rules of composition like the rule of thirds and centered compositions, but I feel that there are a lot more to that than […]

10 Basic Landscape Photography Composition Tips

Composition in landscape photography is of utmost importance for creating amazing photos. It is basically the way we put the objects in our frame to carve out meaningful images.

There are many rules of composition like the rule of thirds and centered compositions, but I feel that there are a lot more to that than just these rules.

Landscape photography is about perception, it is about how we can depict nature in our own way. Obviously following the rules will give us good images but breaking them will give interesting and different images. Other than rules, I have experienced a lot in composition while shooting landscapes.

Here are my top 10 most important tips for landscape photography composition.

#1. Survey: Give Some Time to the Frame Without the Camera

Give some time to the frame without the camera. Whenever I arrive at a shoot location, I always take out my phone and scan the whole area with its camera. I check for various elements that I can frame and spend quite some time behind it.

In this example from Tumling in the Singalila Range, there were these horses that were having their morning time and the mountains in the background provided good complimentary framing along with the morning haze. The first photo is taken with my Redmi Note 5 smartphone, which I took during preps for the final photo.

#2. Visual Flow: Create Lines (or Curves) That Will Lead to the Focal Point or Towards the Image

Leading lines, as they are called, help in visualizing the way the photo is telling the story. They create a visual flow that leads us either to the main subject, also known as the focal point, or towards the image and not away from it. This helps in keeping the viewers engaged in our images and creates interest in their minds.

Here in the first photo from my hike to Tonglu, the darker branches of the tree and the broken ones on the ground leads our eyes to the tree itself which is the focal point here. In the second example from the Neora Vallery National Park hike, the path itself makes an S-curve and dwindles inside the frame, creating a sense of ambiguity and an interest to know what is there where the path ends.

#3. Layers: Find Layers to Separate Foreground, Midground and Background

Layers are a very useful way of creating stunning compositions. They work the best in mountains but we can use layers in any kind of environment where there are repetitions of similar objects leading to some focal points in the image.

The first photo is taken at Rishyap, where the two layers of mountains are leading us to the peak at the center of the frame. The second example shows another example of mountain layers where sunrays are falling and the mountains will lead the viewer into the image. Notice how in both images the clouds have worked as adding another layer to the composition.

#4. Depth: Create Depth in the Images With Movement

It is a very good way to illustrate long exposure photography where a sense of depth can be created in the moving elements. The direction of flow can be used to create beautiful images with a lot of depth in them.

In both these images, the first one from Rock Gardens Waterfalls in Darjeeling and the second one from Tabakoshi River in Mirik, one can find from where the water flow has started in the frame, thus including the depth factor into it.

#5. Golden Ratio: Make Use of This Concept to Create Unique Images

The golden ratio is a ratio of approximately 1.618 to 1. Read more about the golden ratio and its use in art here. Artists have used the golden ratio and the golden spiral to create stunning artworks for centuries. For photography as well, this is very handy, and in landscape photography, it can help in guiding the viewer’s eyes into the focal point of the image via the supporting elements. I do not use this as much as the other techniques but this is helpful and using this technique has given me one of my favorite images.

This is an image in which I had used the concept of the golden ratio. The rocks in the foreground act as the supporting elements, and the statue in the background is the focal point that is near the narrower end of the spiral.

#6. Balance: Make Sure the Frame Does Not Look Tilted on Any Side

This is one of the most important tips for getting the photos right. We cannot misplace the objects in our frame and put all the objects on one side, it tilts the frame and that does not help in creating visual interest in the image. Balance can be achieved in terms of objects, light as well as color in the image.

In the first image, the boat in the Teesta river is balancing the textures in the shore and the smooth water by creating a focal point by itself. In the second example, the two trees in the Gopaldhara Tea Garden are balancing each other, imagine the frame without either of them, it would look tilted, right? Also, try to imagine the frame without the trees, how would that look like?

#7. Symmetry: Look for Natural Symmetry Like Reflections

This is a unique find if it is found and it creates beautiful landscapes. Such landscapes cannot be even a percent closer to being them without the symmetry. Symmetry in nature can be found in the reflection of natural objects in still water. Can you think of any other areas which give perfect symmetry in nature?

In this image from Talberiya Dam, the horizon, the clouds, and the sky organize perfect symmetry in the dam’s water, creating a completely different image than it would have been without it.

#8. Foreground: Pay Very Close Attention to the Foreground

We need to pay very close attention to the foreground. Foreground objects can create interesting frames and uplift our composition by a huge amount. There can be literally anything in our foreground, but as long as it is compelling, we need to pay proper attention to it and justify its existence in our photo.

Here, in the first photo from Tumling, the bush in the foreground accentuates the image on a whole new level. In the second one from Rishikhola, the rocks in the river and the water flowing through them is creating an interesting foreground for the river in itself and the hills behind.

#9. Scale: Put Humans in the Frame to Create a Sense of Scale

To demonstrate the size and majesty of huge mountains and oceans, we can always put humans (often ourselves with the camera on a tripod) and convey the scale of the composition. It is a compelling method and it creates absolute stunners in minimalistic landscapes.

In both these images, it is me standing on the cliff edges with the camera self-timing the shots on the tripod, and just imagine how the photos would have been without the human elements in them. This minimalistic approach is one of my favorites in landscape photography composition.

#10. Point of View: Change Your Point of View (POV) to Create Interesting Frames

Lastly, we should always focus on changing the way we look at the world through our lenses. Maybe, a frame would have been better if the camera was a bit up in the air or lower at ground level. Changing the point of view increases the chances of creating unknown and uncommon frames which will obviously drag the attention of the viewers much more.

In this last example from Maidan, Kolkata, I had put my camera down on the ground and shot the white Kans Grass in the fall season here; It creates an absolutely different viewpoint right?

Conclusion

So that was it for this blog where I have discussed my top 10 tips for composing great landscape photos anytime, anywhere. I hope you like the blog and will implement at least one of them in your upcoming photo trips.


About the author: Subham Shome is a landscape and travel photographer based in Agarpara Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author. You can find more of Shome’s work on his website, Facebook, and Instagram. This article was also published here.

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