Photo gallery: Homes with a history

Hanoi is home to a unique style of building - the “tube house,” known as nha ong in Vietnamese. The tall, narrow and brightly colored structures can be found throughout the city and are barely 12 feet (4 meters) wide but five to 10 times as long.

Photo gallery: Homes with a history

Hanoi's tube houses, so named because of their tube-like shape, dominate the city's streets as 9 million people compete for space in the bustling capital. (AFP)

It is said that tube houses became popular as a way for owners to reduce their property tax, which was assessed based on a property’s frontage. (AFP)
It is said that tube houses became popular as a way for owners to reduce their property tax, which was assessed based on a property’s frontage. (AFP)

A tube house with a particularly ornate facade rises six stories. (AFP)
A tube house with a particularly ornate facade rises six stories. (AFP)

The first tube houses are thought to have appeared in the capital at the end of the 19th century, when villagers looking to sell goods moved to the area. (AFP)
The first tube houses are thought to have appeared in the capital at the end of the 19th century, when villagers looking to sell goods moved to the area. (AFP)

With their height and depth, tube houses can be spacious by Vietnam standards. (AFP)
With their height and depth, tube houses can be spacious by Vietnam standards. (AFP)

The squares on the roofs of some of the houses are skylights that often lead to courtyards and bring natural light and ventilation to the interior of the home. (AFP)
The squares on the roofs of some of the houses are skylights that often lead to courtyards and bring natural light and ventilation to the interior of the home. (AFP)

The two white buildings in the bottom center of the photo show the difference that just a few feet can make. The home on the left accommodates a balcony on each floor while the noticeably narrower one lacks the feature. (AFP)
The two white buildings in the bottom center of the photo show the difference that just a few feet can make. The home on the left accommodates a balcony on each floor while the noticeably narrower one lacks the feature. (AFP)

Many tube houses have a business in the front of the first floor while the family occupies the space behind and above it. (AFP)
Many tube houses have a business in the front of the first floor while the family occupies the space behind and above it. (AFP)

In Hanoi, the tube house design is now called "adjoining houses."  (AFP)
In Hanoi, the tube house design is now called "adjoining houses." (AFP)

While the tube house is found everywhere along Hanoi’s streets, there is pressure from developers and urban planners to separate residences and business. (AFP)
While the tube house is found everywhere along Hanoi’s streets, there is pressure from developers and urban planners to separate residences and business. (AFP)

Source : Radio Free Asia More   

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Myanmar’s Youth Increasingly Look for Opportunity Abroad

Many say that there is no future for the young in junta-led Myanmar.

Myanmar’s Youth Increasingly Look for Opportunity Abroad

Myanmar’s youth are increasingly looking to move abroad in hopes of finding better opportunities, with many saying the Feb. 1 military takeover effectively killed off any hope they had in their homeland, youths told RFA.

Sources in the country said that the situation for young people was already difficult, as many with advanced degrees had been unable to find work in their field. The coronavirus pandemic in 2020 made the situation even worse as many of the businesses that traditionally hire young people had to shut down.

Now with the military violently cracking down on widespread pro-democracy demonstrations and supporters of a return to a democratically elected government taking up arms, many youth would rather just leave the country and find their fortunes elsewhere.

“I learned IT only during Daw Suu’s government,” an IT professional told RFA’s Myanmar Service, referring to the ousted State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, currently on trial in a junta court on sedition charges.

“When the good companies came in, we had to work hard to learn what we did not know before, and we were happy to get good jobs. That was why people here didn’t need to go abroad anymore. There was no need to go overseas to study,” she said.

All that changed on Feb. 1, according to the young woman.

“Now that all this has happened, it is likely that everyone will leave. It’s now so crowded at the passport office,” she said.

Another youth who recently graduated IT school said she decided to leave Myanmar because the coup crushed her hope of finding gainful employment or education.

“If this situation continues there will be no job opportunities for IT professionals in the country. Most IT companies are international companies,” she said.

“Local companies are small and are not growing significantly. Most of them support the military. If the foreign companies leave Burma, there’s no way our careers will improve,” she said, using an older name for the country.

The coup has also affected the prospects of young artists.

A filmmaker told RFA it would be impossible to achieve his goals with all the restrictions that he believes will come under junta rule.

“Since 2018, the Myanmar film industry has released really good movies, and it was only getting better since then. We young people expected that we could make good films, but now our dreams are gone,” he said.

“How will you be able to work independently in the future? Everyone loves their country and wants to work in their own country. But if you can’t work in your own country you will have to find a more suitable place,” the filmmaker said.

The father of a young engineer told RFA that the younger generation have lost any sense of direction because there was already a scarcity of jobs in Myanmar, and the situation only got worse with the COVID-19 pandemic and then the coup.

“From 2010 until now, my son had no opportunity to work as an engineer and have a job suited to his degree. He had to work as a clerk with a salary of 200,000 to 300,000 [U.S. $120 to $180] per month,” the engineer’s father said.

“Some graduates have had to work as delivery boys. Others as drivers…This economy is not good. I don’t know what they will do next. There is no future here… That’s why they are now focusing on going abroad because their lives will not be stable here,” he said.

Emigration statistics since the Feb. 1 coup have not been made available. Some Myanmar residents have fled to India or Thailand to avoid military conflict.

But while some youth are trying find ways to leave, others are staying, risking their lives for what they believe is right.

“I have been thinking about how to protect my house from the rain and sun,” a young man, speaking metaphorically about his homeland, told RFA.

“Now is the time to heal our wounds. Now is the time to face the problems of our own country again. It’s time to solve these problems ourselves. That is why I cannot turn my back on my dying homeland,” he said.

Moe Thwe, a member of the pro-democracy youth movement called Generation Wave, told RFA that most youth understand the risks of staying the country and of trying to achieve their goals overseas. She hopes they will one day return.

“This is a situation we can’t avoid. I don’t see it as a negative thing and in some cases I even encourage them to go abroad because we’ll be working with a wider international current, even with international organizations,” said Moe Thwe.

She urged Myanmar youth abroad to support their communities back home by sending money back to their families. Additionally, she called on them to share Myanmar’s story online.

“This will support the revolutionary movement in Myanmar both financially and academically… I see it as an investment for a post-revolution country,” she said.

According to figures from the World Bank, Myanmar’s employment rate for people aged 15-24 hovered around 1.5 percent before the country’s first openly contested elections in 2015. It then spiked to about 4 percent in 2017 before falling to the 1.5 percent level by 2019. Data for 2020 are not yet available.

Reported by RFA’s Myanmar Service. Translated by Khin Maung Nyane. Written in English by Eugene Whong.

Source : Radio Free Asia More   

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