The American Airlines Fleet In 2021

American Airlines is the biggest airline in the world by several measures, such as revenue, passengers flown, and…

The American Airlines Fleet In 2021

American Airlines is the biggest airline in the world by several measures, such as revenue, passengers flown, and passenger-kilometers flown. The Fort Worth-based carrier also operates the largest fleet globally, flying just shy of 900 jets. Let’s take a closer look at the planes it operates.

From the A319 to the 777, American Airlines has an aircraft for every mission it flies. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

This article will examine the carrier’s mainline fleet, excluding subsidiaries like American Eagle, which also flies hundreds of jets. Data in this article is courtesy of Planespotters.net.

Small to big

Like all US mainline carriers, American operates a diverse fleet of Boeing and Airbus aircraft to support its vast network. However, the pandemic has forced some consolidation at the airline, and it now only flies four aircraft families. However, don’t be fooled by this. American Airlines is still the largest airline in the world, with 895 aircraft.

Here’s a look at the current fleet:

  • 303 Boeing 737-800s
  • 218 Airbus A321-200s
  • 133 A319s
  • 48 A320-200s
  • 47 777-200s
  • 41 737 MAX 8s
  • 39 A321neos
  • 24 787-8s
  • 22 787-9s
  • 20 777-300ERs
The American Airlines Fleet In 2021
The 737-800 is the backbone of the domestic and medium-haul operations, with 303 examples currently. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

Over the years, American has pushed towards longer flights with narrowbody aircraft, bringing down the total widebodies in service. Today, only 13% of the fleet consists of twin-aisle jets, which are deployed on long-haul services and key domestic transcontinental routes. Unless you’re one of the lucky ones, you’re likely to found yourself on a narrowbody.

Goodbye

The pandemic has been hard on American Airlines, which has been struggling with massive debts and low revenues. This forced the airline to ax as many jets as economically feasible and only keep the most efficient options. American said goodbye to its aging 767s, 757s, and A330s, all of which were outpaced by new replacements.

In an interview with Simple Flying, American’s Chief Revenue Officer, Vasu Raju, said these planes were used only for opportunistic flying on international seasonal routes, ones which disappeared during the pandemic. This meant there was no longer a business case to keep these planes on any longer.

American B767
While United and Delta held onto their 767s, American has moved on from the decades-old airframe. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

Considering international travel will take years to recover, American is not in immediate danger of falling behind in the race. However, as United adds ambitious European routes for next summer, American might find itself lacking some of the equipment it needs.

Exciting future

Looking to the future, American’s fleet has some exciting additions in the pipeline. In the delivery queue remain 13 788s and 30 789s, and 51 737 MAX 8s. Some of these have been delayed due to an agreement in April and Boeing’s 787 delivery pause. However, these jets will ensure American has more than enough planes to compete in the international market in the cheapest way.

The American Airlines Fleet In 2021
The 787 will soon become the backbone of the long-haul fleet once deliveries pick up the pace. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

A few years out, American is looking to take delivery of 31 A321neos and 50 A321XLRs. The latter will fuel a huge expansion on transatlantic routes with its record-beating range. For now, American Airlines is looking to the future to enlarge its fleet and remain agile.

What do you think about American’s fleet in 2021? Let us know in the comments!

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44 Years On: The Hijack Of Lufthansa Flight 181

It has now been 44 years since the hijack of Lufthansa flight 181. Considered to be one of…

44 Years On: The Hijack Of Lufthansa Flight 181

It has now been 44 years since the hijack of Lufthansa flight 181. Considered to be one of the defining events of the so-called ‘German Autumn,’ the five-day ordeal saw one of the German flag carrier’s Frankfurt-bound Boeing 737s taken to Mogadishu, Somalia.

The hijacked aircraft was a seven-year-old Boeing 737-200. Photo: Dean Morley via Flickr

The German Autumn – a brief background

To understand the context within which Lufthansa flight 181 was hijacked, it is important to establish the tense political climate in which the incident occurred. Late 1977 saw a series of events take place known as the German Autumn. These were characterized by attacks carried out by a radical left-wing group known as the Red Army Faction (RAF).

Born out of the 1968 student movement in Germany, the RAF targeted high-ranking political and financial figures. The group was driven by a feeling of frustration regarding older generations’ lack of action when it came to addressing the country’s dark history during the Nazi era (1933-1945), particularly during the Second World War.

The hijack of Lufthansa flight 181 came about following the arrests of several key RAF members. It was hoped that the event could be used as a means of leverage to secure their release. However, the result was instead the end of both the German Autumn and the first generation of the RAF’s leadership. Let’s examine how exactly the hijack panned out.

Lufthansa Boeing 737-200C
Lufthansa operated both the standard and convertible (pictured) 737-200. Photo: Aero Icarus via Flickr

An ordinary flight and aircraft

Lufthansa flight 181 was very ordinary in nature, to begin with. The service originated in Palma de Mallorca, and its destination was Frankfurt. This remains a key route today, with the Spanish island being a popular holiday destination among German tourists. Indeed, Mallorca has even become known unofficially as the 17th German state for this reason.

The flight took off on October 13th, 1977, at 14:00 local time. It had 90 passengers and five crew members (two pilots and three flight attendants) onboard. The aircraft operating it bore the registration D-ABCE, and the name Landshut, after a Bavarian town.

According to data from ATDB.aero, this was one of six convertible Boeing 737-200C aircraft to fly for Lufthansa. The airline also flew 44 examples of the standard passenger-carrying 737-200. D-ABCE had joined the German flag carrier on January 12th, 1970

Lufthansa Boeing 737-200 Model
A model of D-ABCE, featuring the distinctive cheatline of Lufthansa’s old livery. Photo: aceebee via Flickr

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The hijack begins

While the flight was cruising over Marseille, France, four militants from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine began the hijack. One entered the cockpit while the others remained in the cabin, where they instructed passengers and crew to put their hands up.

Among those in the cabin was the flight’s First Officer, Jürgen Vietor. He had been removed from the cockpit by hijacker Zohair Youssif Akache, who took his place to coerce Captain Jürgen Schumann to divert away from Frankfurt and head to Larnaca, Cyprus. This required a midway fuel stop in Rome, where the aircraft landed that afternoon.

D-ABCE Hijack Map
The aircraft diverted significantly from its planned course. Photo: Devilm25 via Wikimedia Commons

It was at this point that the hijackers made their demands. Specifically, they asked for $15 million ($68 million today), as well as the release of 10 detained RAF members and two fellow Palestinians that were in Turkey at the time. Italian authorities elected not to act, instead ridding themselves of the issue by allowing the aircraft to take off that evening.

Over the next few days, the aircraft made several stops as it journeyed through Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. A two-and-a-half-hour stop in Larnaca saw the plane refuel once again, before continuing its journey. Landing clearance in several Middle Eastern locations was denied, but it eventually touched down in Bahrain in the early morning of October 14th.

Lufthansa Boeing 737-200
The aircraft stopped in Bahrain, Dubai, and Aden along the way. Photo: Rob Hodgkins via Flickr

Into the Middle East

Local troops surrounded the aircraft upon its arrival in Bahrain. However, they withdrew following a threat from the hijackers that they would shoot co-pilot Jürgen Vietor. This allowed them to get the plane refueled and depart again at 03:24 local time. The plane’s next stop was Dubai, where the aircraft had to land due to it running low on fuel.

This happened despite attempts to block the airport’s runway to prevent the hijacked jet from touching down. The aircraft remained on the ground in the UAE for more than two days, during which a rescue attempt was considered. However, the German special forces instead to undertake practice exercises ahead of the real thing, and trained for 45 hours.

The aircraft eventually took off again just after midday on October 16th, 1977. Its next destination was Aden in Yemen, where the plane had to touch down on a sandy surface owing to being refused permission to land on either of its actual runways.

Lufthansa Boeing 737-200
Lufthansa later flew 737-200s in the new livery under the Express brand. Photo: Aero Icarus via Flickr

This prompted Captain Jürgen Schumann to undertake an inspection of the aircraft before continuing. He did so with permission from the hijackers, but, after he didn’t return as quickly as the militants had wanted, he was fatally shot in front of the passengers.

Following this, First Officer Vietor was made to take control of the aircraft. After refueling, the flight took off once again just after two in the morning on October 17th. The departure is said to have been rather slow, and even dangerously so. Flight 181 made its final touchdown in Mogadishu, Somalia, at around 06:34 local time on October 17th.

The rescue operation

Upon landing, the hijackers actually gave Vietor permission to flee following a textbook landing. However, he elected to remain onboard with the flight’s passengers and crew. Meanwhile, the hijackers set a 16:00 deadline for the release of the RAF prisoners.

TAF Boeing 737-200
The aircraft ended its career at TAF in 2008. Photo: Marcello Casal via Wikimedia Commons

They later extended this to 02:30 on the morning of October 18th, and were soon told that the RAF members had indeed been set free and were in transit to Mogadishu. Meanwhile, an unlit Boeing 707 full of special forces commandos landed in darkness in preparation for the rescue operation. This began at just after two in the morning.

Having first lit a small fire to distract the militants, the special forces stormed the aircraft through its emergency doors. A brief gun battle followed, resulting in the deaths of three of the four hijackers (two immediately and one later). The fourth hijacker was injured, as were three passengers and a member of cabin crew, who were caught in the crossfire.

The operation took just five minutes, concluding at 02:12 local time. With the rescue attempt complete, passengers were evacuated from the aircraft, with all 86 leaving alive. They were then flown to Cologne along with the commandos that same morning.

LH181 Flightpath
Lufthansa now uses the flight number LH181 for a service from Berlin to Frankfurt. Image: RadarBox.com

The aftermath

The survivors and their rescuers arrived back to a hero’s welcome. All in all, their ordeal had lasted just under five days from start to finish. The failure of the hijackers to receive their demands proved to be a defining moment at the end of the German Autumn.

The deaths of three leading RAF members among the prisoners the militants had hoped to secure the release of followed shortly after. These deaths remain surrounded by controversy, and are alleged to have been suicides within the prison walls. This forms a key storyline in director Uli Edel’s 2008 German film The Baader Meinhof Complex.

As for the aircraft, data from ATDB.aero shows that it stayed with Lufthansa until 1985. It continued to fly for several decades, eventually bowing out in 2008 having most recently served Brazilian carrier TAF Linhas Aéreas. As seen in the image above, the flight number LH181 remains active today, albeit for a different route, namely Berlin-Frankfurt.

Did you know about the hijacking of Lufthansa flight 181? What are your memories of this event? Let us know your thoughts in the comments.

Source : Simple Flying More   

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