Trump coronavirus response feeds distrust in black and Latino communities

Trustworthy communication to minority populations has been sorely lacking, public health experts say.

Trump coronavirus response feeds distrust in black and Latino communities

An elderly black man in his 60s had contracted coronavirus and was having trouble breathing when he arrived at an urgent care facility in Brooklyn last week. Dr. Uché Blackstock told him he needed to get to a hospital.

“I’m not going to go there and die,” the man responded, Blackstock recalled in an interview. “I’d rather go home, cause I know at least at home I’m safe.” The man left the facility with clear instructions from Blackstock, but she said she doesn’t know where he ended up.

For Blackstock, the patient’s response has become disturbingly common among African American and Latino patients, including many she’s been treating on the front lines of the coronavirus pandemic. Generations of distrust in the health care system have accumulated particularly among African Americans but also Latinos, she said — a long-standing issue based on a history of medical abuses dating back to slavery that’s now burst to the fore, with dangerous consequences.

One important way to allay such fears is through communication about the coronavirus that is tailored to minority and non-English speaking populations and delivered by credible messengers. With the pandemic disproportionately ravaging black and Hispanic populations, the need has become acute, lawmakers and public health experts are warning.

Rep. Debbie Mucarsel Powell (D-Fla.) said Latino and black residents in her heavily minority South Florida district aren’t getting information they need to understand the pandemic and the steps they need to take to protect themselves.

“They still don’t completely understand what the symptoms of Covid are. They still have questions as to how it’s transmitted,” she said. Mucarsel Powell is pushing to include a provision in the next congressional coronavirus response package that directs federal funds to multilingual and culturally inclusive educational efforts on public TV and radio.

Basic tenets of communicating to the public during a pandemic — like articulating empathy and maintaining consistent messaging from government officials — have been ignored by the Trump administration during the coronavirus outbreak, dozens of public health professionals have told POLITICO in recent weeks. The effect of those missteps has been exacerbated in minority communities that were already distrustful due to long-running racial inequities in the health care system, they said.

It didn’t help, health professionals said, when U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams — one of two people of color communicating at the administration level about the coronavirus — remarked recently that African Americans and Latinos need to “step up” and stop drinking and smoking. Health experts and pastors said it was widely seen as victim-blaming and likely undermined the government’s credibility. (Adams has since been publicly sidelined.)

“Messaging is paramount in moments like this,” said Dr. Lauren Powell, former head of Virginia’s health department.

Powell added that the dearth of female and minority messengers could have negative consequences.

“This is a systemic problem across health care and many other industries where we don't see enough people of color, women of color in particular in positions of power and authority,” said Powell, now the health care director for the nonprofit Time's Up foundation. “And that could certainly impact the way these vital public health messages fall on the ears of those of us in minority communities.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention told POLITICO that educational outreach to minority populations is a “major priority” for the agency. Currently, CDC is reviewing new web content for racial and ethnic minority groups. Also in the works are social media campaigns, culturally relevant graphics and illustrations, and a public service announcement for the African American community, said Benjamin Haynes, a CDC spokesperson.

On April 28, the CDC will give a presentation to the National Council of Churches USA governing board meeting, virtually. The agency also is planning an April 30 coronavirus listening session with experts working on health disparities among racial and ethnic populations.

States focus media blitzes on black and Latino populations

Philadelphia City Councilwoman Maria Quiñones-Sánchez speculated that the reportedly high coronavirus rates among Latinos in her district were due to its density, language barriers and not enough people taking it seriously. “The message has to come from people they trust. I’ve [appeared] on Spanish media almost daily,” Quiñones-Sánchez said.

Quiñones-Sánchez also said she had to work to connect medical providers in her district to those who needed tests, and that until she stepped in they were not looped into the city government’s efforts to combat the coronavirus. Doctors saw the problem as pressing enough that they created a messaging campaign to address it.

“We did a huge media blitz in Spanish. We created tens of thousands of fliers,” said Dr. Kathleen Reeves, a senior associate dean at Temple University’s Lewis Katz School of Medicine. “We worked with our community leaders to make them not only in Spanish but also to apply to the culture.”

In Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, where African Americans make up 42 percent of the coronavirus cases and 57 percent of deaths, the health department has heard concerns that traditional modes of messaging are not reaching black people.

“We are making a concerted effort to improve communications with targeted public service announcements created by ‘influencers’ in the African American community,” said Dr. Benjamin Weston, medical director for Milwaukee County. “That critical messaging is: Stay at home.”

SOMOS Community Care, a network of immigrant physicians, is working with New York City government to treat and educate Latino and Chinese immigrant populations. Its mobile testing sites are trilingual. And the network is working to educate people online and on Univision — informing Latinos about what telehealth is, how to get tested and the cost of treatment.

“Our people do not trust institutions,” Henry Munoz, co-founder of SOMOS Community care, said of Latinos. “That's the No. 1 thing: A hospital is intimidating to people.”

The historic distrust among Latinos and African Americans is affecting willingness to seek treatment as coronavirus spreads.

“There is a very complicated and very deep history where the health care system is not really seen as a safe place for black people,” Blackstock, the doctor in Brooklyn, said, “and it’s something we can’t ignore.”

The history of distrust, Blackstock noted, goes back to the Tuskegee syphilis experiment and 19th century gynecologist J. Marion Sims, who experimented on enslaved black women. It’s also the result of racial health inequities, including high maternal mortality rates among black women, playing out for generations without being addressed by the government or private health systems.

“Remember that distrust is a symptom of the real reason: structural racism,” Blackstock tweeted last weekend.

‘We can't wait until the vaccine’s here’

Gregorio Millett, an epidemiologist, said early misconceptions about the coronavirus — that it would likely be confined to communities with the means to travel, or the conspiracy theory that African Americans were immune — reminded him of the early years of the HIV epidemic.

“At the very beginning of the HIV epidemic, many communities of color thought this is only a disease of white gay men. And it was to our peril because HIV eventually made its way into black and brown communities,” said Millett, vice president of the nonprofit AIDS research organization, amFar.

“The messenger matters,” Millett said.

The distrust among minority communities, though not occurring in a vacuum, could have dangerous repercussions if it continues when a coronavirus vaccine emerges, doctors and public health experts said in interviews.

During the 2018-19 flu season, 39 percent of African Americans got the seasonal vaccine, and 37 percent of Latinos. By comparison, 48 percent of whites received it, according to the CDC.

Early on in the H1N1 pandemic in 2009, Dr. Sandra Quinn studied the public’s willingness to receive a vaccine. African Americans were the most worried about taking it (62%), followed by Hispanics (52%) and whites (45%).

A conspiracy theory claiming 5G towers are the cause of the coronavirus and discouraging people from taking a future vaccine has added to Quinn’s concern.

Quinn, a professor of public health at the University of Maryland, said she’s been thinking “a lot” about how to improve trust and ensure black and Latino populations take a vaccine if and when one becomes available.

“Right now, we have low trust. We have a burden of chronic disease that puts people at increased risk. And we have these conspiracy theories,” Quinn said. “We can't wait until the vaccine’s here. We gotta start helping people understand why you need to take the vaccine, what the process is.”

Holly Otterbein contributed to this report.

Source : Politico USA More   

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Trudeau waits out Trump’s coronavirus provocations

The prime minister counters the president's Covid-19 challenges by applying lessons learned from NAFTA's crash course.

Trudeau waits out Trump’s coronavirus provocations

OTTAWA — In the span of a month, Donald Trump has proposed militarizing the U.S.-Canada border, cutting off N95 mask exports to Canada and then reopening the Canadian frontier despite a raging pandemic.

The Canadian response? Challenge accepted.

Far from provoking a meltdown in U.S.-Canada relations, the Covid-19 crisis has revealed an intriguing dynamic: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is finally used to dealing with Trump.

The U.S. president's coronavirus-driven provocations have been met with “no’s” from top Canadian officials, who have then moved onto other priorities.

Trudeau learned about Trump the hard way during two years of bare-knuckle NAFTA talks.

Over that time, Trump made repeated threats to rip up a trade deal that's economically vital for Canada, slapped tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminum and launched very public personal insults at the prime minister.

The NAFTA tumult taught Trudeau and those around him how to engage with the Trump administration and gave them confidence they can work out disputes, a senior Canadian official told POLITICO. The person spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss inside details about the relationship.

First, the Liberal official said, Trudeau’s camp learned that the best way to deal with flare-ups is to go directly to senior Trump decision-makers — and to do it quickly and aggressively.

With Trump in charge, the Canadians find they have to go to the very top, politically, to get anything done.

As a comparison, when dealing with the Obama administration, the source said Canadian officials could call up someone in the State Department about an issue and feel reasonably comfortable that person had the authority to speak for their government.

To make the Trump approach work, of course, Canada had to nurture relationships with key personalities in the White House, an exercise that got underway at the start of NAFTA’s renegotiation.

Trudeau has held regular calls with Trump, but his chief of staff, Katie Telford, and Brian Clow, his executive director of Canada-U.S. relations, have been points of contact with their American counterparts, the insider said.

Trump and Trudeau actually speak about every two to three weeks, including during the pandemic. The person noted much of the U.S.-Canada Covid-19 talks have also been channeled through Telford and Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser.

Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland, Kirsten Hillman, who was recently promoted to ambassador, and Public Safety Minister Bill Blair have also been central in Covid-19 discussions. Freeland has made calls to Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, while Blair has worked with acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf.

Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer is also often involved, and the Trudeau government considers him someone who has the ear of the president, the official said.

Other levels of Canadian government have also played a big role, like they did during the NAFTA negotiations. Ontario Premier Doug Ford, for example, called Lighthizer when it looked like Ontario would miss out on a crucial delivery of N95s.

On the troops-to-the-border issue, the source said that when Trudeau’s camp learned from the Department of Homeland Security about the proposal to move U.S. soldiers to the Canadian frontier, Freeland was on the phone right away to underline that such a move was unacceptable and unnecessary. In public, she warned that an additional U.S. military presence at the border would be “damaging” to the countries' relationship.

The U.S. eventually decided against sending soldiers to the border.

Next came the president’s move to cut off Canada from its only U.S. supplier — 3M — of N95 medical respirators, which are critical for frontline health professionals. Once again, Canada protested and 3M announced it had reached an agreement with the White House to allow it to continue shipping N95s to Canada.

To emphasize the reciprocal relationship, Trudeau brought up the “thousands of nurses” who cross the bridge every day from Windsor, Ontario, to work in the Detroit medical system.

Freeland said Canada also reminded U.S. officials how intertwined their supply chains are when it comes to medical equipment and services.

“We just have to keep at it and, by the way, that is the nature of our trading relationship with the United States, in general — that it requires constant work, constant gardening,” she told reporters. “And in this time of a true global pandemic, of a real crisis, it requires particular attention.”

Freeland’s assertive style in dealing with U.S. disputes — including during the NAFTA talks — has often been in contrast with Trudeau’s more-restrained approach.

Trudeau said any U.S. move to dispatch troops to the border would be a mistake, adding: “We certainly hope that they’re not going to go through with that.”

The prime minister steered well clear of any executive-level provocation.

The lighter approach fits with Trudeau’s walk-on-egg-shells strategy for Trump, or at least doing whatever he can to avoid upsetting the unpredictable president.

It hasn’t always gone smoothly. In December, Trump called Trudeau “two-faced” following the release of a viral video that apparently showed the prime minister chattering with other world leaders about the president’s behavior during the NATO summit in London.

When it comes to Covid-19, the next test in the relationship could be on the way. One possibility: the different signals surrounding how and when the two countries — and their states and provinces — intend to reopen their economies and eventually the border.

Last week, Trump showed an eagerness to lift restrictions at the Canada-U.S. border, while Trudeau has repeatedly said his government is far from ready for such a step.

"We'll continue to collaborate, to coordinate, but the reality is that it will still be weeks before we can talk about loosening restrictions," Trudeau said.

Source : Politico USA More   

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