Uruguay Teachers Protest Against Budget Cuts to Education

TODAY IN LATIN AMERICA URUGUAY: Teacher unions in Uruguay organized marches starting Oct. 28 to protest the government’s unwillingness to discuss the budget cuts to the National Public Education Administration. […] The post Uruguay Teachers Protest Against Budget Cuts to Education appeared first on Latin America News Dispatch.

Uruguay Teachers Protest Against Budget Cuts to Education

TODAY IN LATIN AMERICA

URUGUAY: Teacher unions in Uruguay organized to protest the government’s unwillingness to discuss the budget cuts to the National Public Education Administration. Protest organizers said they are taking all the necessary health measures for a safe protest and will march to the Legislative Palace, home to the Chamber of Senators and Representatives. 

The march was organized to coincide with the Senate reviewing the National Budget Law for the next five years. Salary decreases for teachers and education outsourcing and privatization proposals are among the components of the law being protested. In addition to the marches, the Association of Secondary School Teachers shut down schools in Montevideo for 48 hours starting Oct. 27.

Headlines from the western hemisphere

SOUTHERN CONE

ARGENTINA: The government extended the Emergency Assistance Program to Work and Production (ATP) through . The program was implemented on April 1 to provide to companies and workers affected by the pandemic by paying part of workers’ salaries and providing zero-interest loans for companies. of Argentina is living in poverty conditions this year, up from 35.5% during this time last year.

ANDES

COLOMBIA: The Colombian government announced Oct. 26 that National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrilla leader Andrés Felipe Vanegas, alias Uriel, was killed this week in a joint operation by police and military on an ELN camp near the Pacific coast. Though not one of the ELN’s top commanders, Uriel was one of the best known leaders of the group. He was strongly opposed to any peace talks with the government and often contacted journalists and shared video and audio messages on social media.

CARIBBEAN

PUERTO RICO: Juan Torruella, the first Puerto Rican judge to sit on a United States federal appeals court, died at age 87 from a heart attack. Torruella was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit after serving as a chief judge for the District of Puerto Rico. He was the first Hispanic judge to serve that position. Torruella was part of several high-profile cases, such as the Boston Marathon bomber, in which he revoked Dzhokhar Tasraneav’s death sentence. He spent his career advocating for equal rights and citizenship for Puerto Ricans and once wrote about the inequality of Puerto Rico’s territorial status to the U.S., deeming it “colonial.”

CENTRAL AMERICA

EL SALVADOR: Activists from the group Let Us Save El Angel Valley against the approval of an urban development plan that would impact local aquifers. The group held a sit-in at the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources headquarters. The organizations called on the ministry to the necessary environmental permits to the construction company owned by Regaladao Dueñas, which would create housing units costing nearly five times the minimum wage. The findings from the environmental impact study showed that the project would have negative effects on the water and soil, which led activists to critique the ministry for yielding to business group pressure. The activist group also against the Law of the Environment and the human right to water. 

PANAMA: Panama’s second largest Indigenous group, the Guna Yala people, face masks arguing that it “is not a custom of our people.” The measure would have required masks to be worn in schools and for government officials to wear masks when visiting the Guna Yala territories. The Indigenous territories of Panama exercise a great deal of autonomy, but the Panamanian government said that the vote at the cultural assembly to dictate public health matters. Indigenous peoples have observed lockdown and social distancing measures throughout the pandemic, but have still been greatly .

NORTH AMERICA

MEXICO: Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum announced that she tested positive for COVID-19. In her statement, she said she every 15 days and has not experienced any symptoms, but will stay at home for two to three weeks. The mayor has had close contact with two Mexico City borough presidents, as well as her aides. She an event yesterday with President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, but maintained a distance of five meters from him. Four journalists who cover city government have also .

UNITED STATES/MEXICO: A federal judge in Brooklyn, New York, sentenced Keith Raniere to 120 years behind bars today for a slate of charges, including sex trafficking and possession of child pornography. Raniere founded NXIVM in 1998 as a marketing company, which turned out to be a violent cult that demanded a high degree of loyalty from its members. Raniere was arrested in 2018 outside Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, where he had been hiding out after the publication of a New York Times of NXIVM a year earlier. Mexico was a focus of NXIVM activity, and Raniere had a plan to the country and turn it into the “first NXIVM republic,” according to former cult members. As part of that plan, Raniere cultivated and compromised several prominent Mexicans, including , son of former President Carlos Salinas.

MEXICO: Hurricane Zeta in the municipality of Tulum, Quintana Roo, on Monday night. The storm passed through to the state of Yucatán before returning to the Gulf of Mexico and turning into a tropical storm by early Tuesday. The Category 1 Hurricane brought heavy rains and winds of 130 kilometers per hour to Quintana Roo beaches, but did little damage as it passed over the Yucatán peninsula. There were a few blackouts caused by d and trees in Yucatán, according to Gov. Mauricio Vila.

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Conflict Between Rival Cartels in Mexico Leaves 26 Dead

TODAY IN LATIN AMERICA MEXICO: It was a violent weekend in the Mexican state of Zacatecas, as 26 people were killed in what authorities say were clashes between rival cartels. […] The post Conflict Between Rival Cartels in Mexico Leaves 26 Dead appeared first on Latin America News Dispatch.

Conflict Between Rival Cartels in Mexico Leaves 26 Dead

TODAY IN LATIN AMERICA

MEXICO: It was a violent weekend in the Mexican state of Zacatecas, as were killed in what authorities say were clashes between rival cartels. Most of the killings took place in one incident on Saturday evening in the municipality of Jerez, where a confrontation led to a car chase which left 14 people dead. Meanwhile, eight people were killed in Fresnillo, and another four in Guadalupe. Authorities and say that the killings were related to a between two rival cartels, Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation. 

The Sinaloa Cartel has operated in the state , whereas the Jalisco New Generation Cartel has been expanding its territory into Zacatecas since earlier this year. Both cartels have also been making alliances with smaller criminal groups in the state. in Zacatecas, a sparsely populated state in north-central Mexico, has been rising for months. Between January and August of 2020, 753 people were killed. This is an 89% increase from the same period in 2019, giving Zacatecas the fifth-highest murder rate in the country.

Headlines from the western hemisphere

SOUTHERN CONE

BRAZIL: Vice President Hamilton Mourão announced on Monday government plans to extend the in the Amazon rainforest for another five months. The military deployment has been the government’s response to, a lead cause of fires that caused international outrage last year. The army’s deployment started in May of this year. Mourão, a former general, heads the National Council of the Amazon. The council is a governmental body meant to “coordinate and implement” policies relating to the Amazon. 

CHILE: The Election Service on Monday for the constitutional plebiscite. According to the electoral body, there was a , with over 7.5 millions Chileans voting. The plebiscite had the in the country’s history. Chileans went to the polls on Sunday, with 78.2% of voters choosing to change the dictatorship-era constitution.

ANDES

BOLIVIA: The president of La Paz’s Justice Tribunal annulled the arrest warrant against former President Evo Morales on Monday. The apprehension warrant was issued for terrorism charges from when Morales promoted a 12 day blockade of cites during the 2019 election crisis that saw him ousted from power. Judge Jorge Quino declared that the former president’s rights were neglected because he was not given a chance to defend himself. Prosecutors from the city of La Paz said the decision would not stop investigations. Morales told the press that his possibility of returning to Bolivia depends on the “social movement” that is still being debated.

CARIBBEAN

PUERTO RICO: Gov. Wanda Vázquez issued an executive order on Monday declaring the fight against gender-based violence despite various sectors’ call for a state of emergency. Vázquez declared a national alert in September 2019 in face of a rise of incidents of gender violence and under pressure from women’s rights organizations. After a year’s delay, Vázquez, expressed content with the and presented a protocol of action that defines the responsibilities of government agencies regarding violence against women. The responsibilities include four pillars: prevention, effective attention, adequate management and accounting for incidents of violence. There have been 38 femicides so far this year in Puerto Rico, according to police statistics. Femicide has during in comparison with the same period last year.

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC/HAITI: After a meeting almost four hours long, authorities from both countries regarding the reopening of their shared border to allow trade. The agreement allows nationals of both countries to work in different sectors of the economy, to travel with no problem, and to return to their country after a working day. The tension at the border started earlier this year with Dominicans impeding Haitians from purchasing goods in the Dominican Republic, and was intensified by armed groups of Haitian civilians confiscating goods of their compatriots on their side of the border. The Dominican Chancellor Roberto Álvarez also responded to a , explaining that the meeting was not to talk about a new demarcation of the border.

CENTRAL AMERICA

COSTA RICA: Authorities eliminated the requirement of a negative coronavirus test to enter the country by air on Monday, applicable to both foreign tourists and nationals. This leaves only two requirements: an epidemiological form required by the Ministry of Health and international medical insurance, with no quarantining needed for tourists. Minister of Tourism Gustavo Segura explains that these measures aim to incentivise people to visit Costa Rica during its tourism high season, starting in November. Costa Rica started to gradually open its aerial border with the intention to revive its tourism, hit hard by the COVID-19, and will open its airports to tourists from around the world beginning Nov. 1.

NORTH AMERICA

UNITED STATES: Rising COVID-19 case numbers in El Paso, Texas, have pushed local leaders to lock the city down, urging residents to shelter in place for two weeks and imposing a mandatory curfew from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. El Paso recorded a record 1,443 new cases on Monday and 853 hospitalizations, of which 180 were in intensive care. Meanwhile, El Paso County officials say that county hospitals are at 100% capacity as the virus has surged over the last three weeks. Texas Gov. Greg Abbot says that the state government will work to increase hospital capacity in the area by setting up 100 beds in the El Paso Convention Center and sending mobile medical units to El Paso hospitals.  

 MEXICO: The Mexican Senate will impose new measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including senators to get tested for COVID-19 before being allowed to attend in-person sessions. The Senate’s Political Coordination Committee made the decision after Senator Joel Molina died of COVID-19 on Saturday, and two other senators tested positive for the virus. The committee also decided that the Senate will only meet on Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, and that staffers will to attend sessions.

The post Conflict Between Rival Cartels in Mexico Leaves 26 Dead appeared first on Latin America News Dispatch.

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