Vaccine Hesitancy Is why Children Need to Get Vaccinated Against COVID-19

Just a couple of months ago, it was very difficult for most adults to get appointments for vaccination against SARS-CoV2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), and now, in many countries, including the United States, it is fairly easy. The reason why it is easy is not because nearly everyone is vaccinated, but rather because just about every adult who has been eager to be vaccinated now has received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. In the United States, most of those who still have not been vaccinated either fall somewhere along the spectrum of vaccine hesitancy — ranging The post Vaccine Hesitancy Is why Children Need to Get Vaccinated Against COVID-19 appeared first on The Pulse.

Vaccine Hesitancy Is why Children Need to Get Vaccinated Against COVID-19

Just a couple of months ago, it was very difficult for most adults to get appointments for vaccination against SARS-CoV2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), and now, in many countries, including the United States, it is fairly easy. The reason why it is easy is not because nearly everyone is vaccinated, but rather because just about every adult who has been eager to be vaccinated now has received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. In the United States, most of those who still have not been vaccinated either fall somewhere along the spectrum of vaccine hesitancy — ranging from “I’m scared to get vaccinated for now, but will consider it after a few hundred million more people receive the vaccine and meanwhile I’m not so scared about getting COVID-19 or the prospect of getting infected and spreading the virus to other people” to “the vaccines are part of a conspiracy to inject people with microchips”— or are below the age of 16, or 18, depending on which COVID-19 vaccines are available in their locations. Currently, the emergency use authorization (EUA) from the FDA is in place for the Modern and Johnson and Johnson (Janssen) vaccines for those ages 18+ and for the Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine for ages 16+. However, at the time that I’m writing this, in early May, an EUA extension is expected that will make the Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine available down to the age of 12. This could happen within days, so it may begin by the time that this article is posted, or soon after. Soon after that, EUA extensions also are anticipated for Moderna and Janssen, also down to age 12, while the Novavax vaccine may receive an EUA covering adults very soon, with lower ages to follow. Meanwhile, clinical trials are in progress for COVID-19 vaccines in children ages 11 years down to 6 months.

As we have discussed previously, SARS-CoV2 infection in children can lead to severe disease, but much more rarely compared with adults, so many people wonder why the children should be vaccinated, or why pediatric vaccination should be required. Well, the answer has to do with the fact that children spread the virus plus the fact the vaccine hesitancy among adults. To get the pandemic under control, we need to get a lot of people vaccinated. It comes down to a numbers game related to the capability of the virus to spread, and so to compensate for the numerous anti-vaxxer adults and the adults who are hesitating because they believe, mistakenly, that the vaccines are risky and want other people to take the risks in their stead, millions of children, beginning with the young teens, are standing by ready to step up to the plate. Vaccination is a community thing. They are a component of public health, emphasis on the word public. Like agreeing to turn off the lights and use blackout curtains in your home during an air raid in London in World War II, the argument about contributing to the protection of the community must be balanced against the argument about your personal freedoms.

As for the numbers game, if you have been reading what we have been posting here on The Pulse about a variable used in epidemiology called the R0 (pronounced R naught), it will seem very straightforward. R0 represents the average number of people that an already-infected individual infects. If R0 equals 1, then each infected person infects just one other person, which means that that the number of cases does not increase over time. If R0 equals 2, then each infected person infects two other people, so the number of infected people doubles over the average amount of time that the infection takes to spread from person to person, and the number of cases doubles over an amount of time that depends both on how long it takes for the infection to spread from person to person and how long it takes for people to become symptomatic.

In the case of SARS-CoV2, the R0 is now thought to be in the range of 2.5 to 4, with the more infectious variants being closer to 4 than 2.5. Maybe, some variants are emerging with an R0 higher than 4, for instance approaching 5, but let’s use an R0 of 4.0 here. In order to get control over the pandemic, we need herd immunity, which means having a certain minimum fraction of people immune, either through vaccination or previous infection with the virus to prevent the virus from increasing its prevalence in the community. That needed fraction depends on the R0 and there is an equation for calculating it. You take the reciprocal of the R0, meaning 1 divided by the R0, and then you subtract that number from 1. Thus, for a variant of SARS-CoV2 whose R0 equals 4.0, we divide 1 by 4, which gives us 0.25, then we subtract 0.25 from 1, which gives us 0.75, or 75 percent, meaning that for herd immunity we need a minimum of 75 percent of all people who are in interacting community to be immunized, either through vaccination or having been infected with the virus. Now, certainly there are places with higher fractions of the population being vaccine hesitant or anti-vaxx and other places where people are more compliant about getting their vaccines, but overall, we are talking about 75 percent, and experts think we should consider 80 percent as the target, because of new variants that may have an R0 closer to 5.0 (1/5 = 0.2; 1-0.2 = 0.8). Except in places where nearly all of the adults get vaccinated, we cannot get to 75 percent or 80 percent of people, if the children are not vaccinated too. And so there is a direct connection between the vaccine hesitancy among adults and the need for COVID-19 vaccination to be expanded to children.

The post Vaccine Hesitancy Is why Children Need to Get Vaccinated Against COVID-19 appeared first on The Pulse.

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30+ Awesome Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids

Check out this list of road trip games, activities, toys, hacks and more to make your trip with kids this summer a bit more bearable! The post 30+ Awesome Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids appeared first on HAPPY TODDLER PLAYTIME.

30+ Awesome Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids

INSIDE: 30+ Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids! Are you heading out on the road with the kids this summer? Check out this list of games, activities, toys, tips and hacks from some of the top kids activity bloggers around! This list of ideas will help make your road trip this summer a bit more bearable!

Road Tripping with Kids

Oh yes! the joys of a long journey on the road with a toddler, preschooler or a kid. We all look forward to it but the reality is often far from what we were hoping or even expecting!

Don’t worry you aren’t alone. And although I can’t promise you a perfectly entertained toddler for your entire journey I can promise you that this list will have you well prepared for your trip! From printable; activities; busy bags and binders; travel organization tips; travel toys to travel hacks and more. This list of ideas will definitely inspire you to organize the best road trip ever for your family!

The Best Sensory Play Kits for Kids

Play is at the core of learning during the early years and it can take many forms. One of the most important of these is sensory play because it engages all of a child’s senses (taste, touch, smell, sight and hearing) and has a enoumous positive impact on brain development.

Our Sensory Play Kits are some fun and easy ways to keep your child engaged while at the same time using sensory play to nurture their mind!

Shop our ready made play kits here.

30+ Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids

I am so excited to announce that I wrote a book! Super STEAM Activity Book: Launch Learning with Fun Mazes, Dot-to-Dots, Search-the-Page Puzzles, and More! ! It comes out June 8th. Click here to order it now!

30+ Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids

30+ Road Trip Activities for Kids

  1. Sensory Kits – Happy Toddler Playtime
  1. Super STEAM Activity Book – Happy Toddler Playtime
  1. Road Trip Toys – Happy Toddler Playtime
  1. Would You Rather Questions for Kids – Happy Toddler Playtime
  1. Toddler Travel Toys – Happy Toddler Playtime
  2. Portable Lego Kit – The Gingerbread House
  3. Portable Car Play Kit – Mama Papa Bubba
  4. Dry Erase Road Trip Activity Book – Glue Sticks and Gum Drops
  5. EASY Portable Activity Kit for Road Trips – Mama Papa Bubba
  6. Road Trip Drawing Prompts – Free Printables – Pickle Bums
  7. Easy DIY Travel Felt Board Tutorial – Mama Smiles
  8. Take Along Activity Kit – Mama Papa Bubba
  9. Road Trip Scavenger Hunt Printables – Party Through the USA
  10. Cereal Box to Foldable Doll’s House DIY (perfect take along house) – Red Ted Art
  11. String Cheese Road Trip Games with FREE Printables – Arts and Crackers
  12. DIY Mini Road Trip License Plate Game (with free printable) – Comic Con Family
  13. Awesome Alphabet Road Trip I Spy Printable – Sunny Day Family
  14. Pipe Cleaner in a Bottle for Toddlers – The Piri Piri Lexicon
  15. Yellow Car Game Busy Bag – Adventures and Play
  16. Lego Suitcase Hack – Stir the Wonder
  17. Car Trip Game: Are We There Yet – Growing Book by Book
  18. Road Trip Activities: Travel Bags & Buckets – KCEventures
  19. Car Yoga for Kids – Sugar Spice and Glitter
  20. Create a Travel Art Kit to Keep Kids Busy on the Road – Mama Smiles
  21. Road Trip Kits — Easy Altoids Tin Craft – The Soccer Mom Blog
  22. Road Trip Bingo for Kids – Only Passionate Curiosity
  23. DIY Road Trip Activity Kit for Kids – Comic Con Family
  24. Our favorite road trip games for young kids {12 free and fun ideas} – Playful Notes
  25. DIY I Spy Bag – Handmade in the Heartland
  26. How to beat backseat boredom: 5 easy travel games for Roadschooling – Board Games for Learning
  27. Snack Ideas for Road Trips with Kids – 3 Boys and a Dog

The Best Travel Hacks For Traveling with Toddlers, Preschoolers + Kids

  1. The Best Toddler Road Trip Ideas – Toddler Approved
  2. Road Trip with Kids – Days With Grey
  3. 15 Brilliant DIY Car Organization Ideas That Prevent Clutter And Mess – Crafts on Fire
  4. Tips for Successfully Traveling with a Preschooler – Thrifty Little Mom

Age Suitability

These activities vary in skill and ability. Depending on the activity they are good for kids 3 years and up. My kids are 3, 3, and 6 year old.

The Best Book of Sensory Bins

Did you know I wrote a book of sensory bins? Click here for more information Exciting Sensory Bin for Curious Kids. Or grab your copy at Amazon.

How to Make Oobleck

WILL YOU TRY ANY OF THESE ROAD TRIP ACTIVITIES WITH YOUR KIDS? PIN IT FOR LATER!

30+ Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids
30+ Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids

The post 30+ Awesome Road Trip Activities & Hacks for Kids appeared first on HAPPY TODDLER PLAYTIME.

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