What to Expect During the Home Appraisal Process

If you’re buying a home or selling one, the home appraisal is often a defining moment that may influence the final price. Learn what to expect from the home appraisal process and what information is considered in the home valuation report. The post What to Expect During the Home Appraisal Process appeared first on Redfin | Real Estate Tips for Home Buying, Selling & More.

What to Expect During the Home Appraisal Process

There are many important steps to buying or . One aspect that homebuyers and sellers often have questions about is the home appraisal process and how it impacts them in regards to the home sale. It’s important for both buyers and sellers to understand this process so that your home purchase, or sale, goes as smoothly as possible.

What exactly is a home appraisal?

During a process, a licensed, independent real estate appraiser gathers information about the house and surrounding property to give an estimate of its current market value. Most often, appraisals are ordered by the who is financing the mortgage for the buyer. The homebuyer typically pays for the appraisal either up-front or at the time of closing.  

What happens during a home appraisal process?

During the home appraisal process, the appraiser makes a thorough inspection of the house, inside and which usually takes about 1 – 3 hours to complete depending on the size of the house and property. They measure each room and the lot the property sits on while photographing each room and the exterior of the home. They will then write up their report and submit it to the lender between 7 – 10 days, depending on how busy the is in your area. The home appraiser will first look at:

  • Any signs of safety and health hazards
  • The physical condition of the home (paint, roof, fencing, etc.)
  • The structural integrity of the home
  • Upgrades or improvements (new cabinets, countertops, flooring)
  • Visible defects (foggy windows, holes in the wall or floor)
  • Any conditions set by the lender

If appraisers have concerns about any of these items, they may order a specific inspection to determine the problem’s scope. Below is a more detailed checklist of what a home appraiser may look at both inside and outside the home.

Exterior Home Appraisal Checklist

  • Total acreage or land area of the property, to ensure actual measurements match the property description
  • Condition of the foundation and roof
  • Condition of the chimney
  • Curb appeal
  • Quality of the landscaping (trimmed bushes, mowed lawn)
  • Condition and type of driveway surface
  • Type and condition of the garage
  • Condition of the pool and other exterior amenities

Interior Home Appraisal Checklist

  • Amount of livable space, and number of bedrooms and bathrooms to ensure these numbers match the property description
  • The functional condition of the HVAC system
  • Any built-in appliance upgrades
  • Any peeling paint if the house was built before 1979 to ensure compliance with lead-based paint laws
  • Type of basement or crawl space
  • Quality and condition of the plumbing and electrical systems
  • Material and conditions of the windows, floors, and walls
  • Evidence of pests or termites
  • Energy-efficient features
  • Permanent upgrades (home addition, kitchen island, built-in shelves)
  • General upkeep of the home

The home’s square footage does not typically include garages and basements unless these spaces have a closet and egress window, which allows them to be counted as a bedroom or liveable space.

Loan specific home appraisals

Depending on the type of home loan you’re approved for, your loan may have additional or specific requirements that may be on the home appraiser’s checklist.

FHA Home Appraisal Checklist

FHA appraisals are a little different and have special requirements. The biggest difference is that any repairs issue found during the inspection must be completed before closing. This requirement affects both the buyer and the seller because the home loan process absolutely cannot progress until these repairs are completed. An FHA appraisal checks:

  • Exposed wall studs or floorboards
  • Peeling or chipped paint, especially lead-based paint in homes built before 1979, must be scraped and painted
  • Water damage caused by leaks in the foundation, plumbing, or roof 
  • Holes in the siding or roof, which must be repaired
  • Sidewalk or driveway damage, which must be corrected
  • Any outlets within 10 feet of a water source, which must be replaced with GFCI outlets
  • Any exterior outlets must be grounded plugs or GFCI outlets designed for bathrooms, kitchens, and garages

VA Home Appraisal Checklist

VA home appraisal inspections have their own set of standards for acceptable home conditions, which include:

  • A water heater, clean drinking water, and a sewage system
  • Working electricity and HVAC
  • A sound foundation
  • Sound roofing
  • A termite and pest inspection
  • Appropriate living spaces, including the kitchen, living room, and bedrooms

Any safety or health concerns or needed repairs will slow down and possibly stop the closing process until the buyer or seller fixes them. Additionally, a VA-certified appraiser assigned by the Department of Veterans Affairs must complete the home appraisal for a VA loan.

This is not a complete checklist of what a home appraiser will look for in the home. However, it is a list of the most common issues that may arise. When sellers make repairs and upgrades before the appraisal inspection, they are better equipped for a smooth sale.

Once the appraiser has all the information they need, they write up their findings on a form called the , and the completed report is then sent to the buyer’s lender for the next steps in finalizing the loan amount.

Decluttered living room with white couches and chairs with blue toss pillows and all ready for the home appraiser.

What type of information is on the home appraisal report?

  • Subject: In this portion of the form, basic information is shown such as the address of the property to be appraised, who the borrower is, who currently owns the house, what the real estate taxes are for the home, who the lender is, and whether or not the house has been up for sale within the past twelve months.
  • Contract: This section of the report states whether the appraiser analyzed the sales contract. It also states the contract price and the date the contract was executed along with information describing any sales concessions being paid on behalf of the borrower.
  • Neighborhood: A description of the neighborhood along with housing market conditions and neighborhood boundaries is shown in this section. Characteristics of the neighborhood such as urban, suburban, or rural are described, and the appraiser states whether the values of other homes in the area are increasing, stable, or decreasing in value.  
  • Site: The Site section describes the land the property is on. In this section, you’ll find the site’s dimensions, shape, view, and whether it conforms to current zoning. Also included is information about the utilities that service the house, whether those utilities are public or private, and if that is typical for the area. Finally, the appraiser comments on any adverse site conditions, such as soil or ground conditions.
  • Improvements: In this portion of the appraisal, the appraiser gives a general description of the property, including the condition of the foundation, the exterior, and the interior of the house. The garage and driveway surface, the attic, the appliances, the fireplace, and the porch and deck are also included under Improvements. This is where the appraiser states the , describes any additional features of note, gives an overall description of the property’s condition, whether any physical deficiencies were noted, and states if the property conforms to the neighborhood.
  • Sales Comparison Approach: The Sales Comparison Approach section of the home appraisal process is where the appraiser arrives at a value and substantiates the value of the house being appraised. This is done by locating comps, also known as comparable properties. Comps are houses that are as close as possible in structure and features to the house being appraised. When locating comps, appraisers also take into consideration properties close in physical proximity and if they were sold within the last year. The appraiser gives a detailed description of each comp, including address, selling price, square footage, and features, among other things. They use this information to arrive at a market value for your property.  
  • Reconciliation: In the Reconciliation portion of the appraisal, the appraiser states what the appraised value of the property is, and whether this value is made “as is” or subject to any necessary repairs.
  • Additional Comments: In this section of the appraisal, the appraiser can write any additional information to help support the market value they arrive at. They can also write any important information that wasn’t included elsewhere on the appraisal form.  
  • Cost Approach: This is a type of home valuation method that appraisers often use when appraising a newly built home. It is the cost of land plus the cost of construction, minus any depreciation.
  • Income Approach: The Income Approach to evaluating a property is primarily used when appraising apartment buildings, offices, and condominiums, or any other property that generates income.
  • PUD Information: This section deals with establishing an appraised value for a or, a home located within a Planned Unit Development. PUDs are neighborhoods with a master plan that are single-family homes or attached homes. In a PUD, the homeowner owns the home and the ground beneath it. Whereas with a condo, the owner only owns the interior walls and space within those walls. 

The post What to Expect During the Home Appraisal Process appeared first on Redfin | Real Estate Tips for Home Buying, Selling & More.

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US private equity swooping on undervalued UK building companies

With U.K. house prices soaring during the pandemic, share prices in the markets were hit and have ©1999 - Present | Parkmatic Publications Ltd. All rights reserved | LandlordZONE® - US private equity swooping on undervalued UK building companies | LandlordZONE.

US private equity swooping on undervalued UK building companies

With U.K. house prices soaring during the pandemic, share prices in the markets were hit and have remained largely depressed due to reduced profits. It was a signal to US investors who saw two quoted UK building companies with exceptional prospects trading at low valuations – perhaps too tempting to resist.

The US funds are simply doing what they do best, snapping up bargains when prices are low, when future prospects are good, and then selling on a high.

According to the Wall Street Journal, UK home sales prices last month were 13.4% higher than they were in June 2020, a figure sourced from the House Price Index published by the Nationwide Building Society, one of Britain’s biggest mortgage lenders. It’s the strongest annual house price growth since 2004. It means the average house price is now almost £250,000.

NAEA Propertymark says there is a severe shortage of housing stock for sale, meaning that there are currently 16 potential home buyers for every property on the market.

In January the Lone Star Real Estate Fund, of Dallas, Texas, acquired the well established retirement home builder McCarthy and Stone for £647 million, or £1.20 a share. The company’s shares had previously been trading above £1.50 just before the pandemic hit.

And since then the Blackstone Group Inc., another mega US fund specialising in real estate, is in the process of finalizing a deal to buy St. Modwen Properties PLC, a FTSE 250 constituent house builder and logistics company. The price agreed is £1.25 billion.

According to St. Modwen’s latest annual report, the house builder, which also rents commercial property, made a pre-tax loss of £139m in 2020, down from a £59m pre-tax profit in the previous year.

Raul Cimesa, head of London new homes at real-estate agent Knight Frank told the WSJ:

“The [UK] real-estate market just goes on growing and growing.”

Despite property prices rising inexorably, many UK home builders have seen their share prices decline during the pandemic. Construction sites and estate agents had to close during the first lockdown, and have only opened up slowly since.

Ben Babington of Trilogy Land & New Homes told the Journal that these U.S. investment firms are taking advantage of the large discount these companies are trading at and what they see as the disconnect between this and their real value. They are targeting the home sales market in London’s suburbs and regional towns and cities, he says.

“I am sure investors are seeing really good value in investing in housing at the moment. Share prices have taken a bit of a battering during the crisis,” Babington said.

James Seppala, head of Blackstone Real Estate Europe, has said that St. Modwen will be given “significant additional capital” to expand its output, mainly in the family homes market in and around regional towns and cities.

St. Modwen is a company that owns a property portfolio valued at some £1.37 billion and sold 948 homes in 2020. But the couple of months of closure in 2020 during the spring lockdown lost the company a significant amount of its production for the year, while it’s rental income also took a hit, throwing it into a pre-tax loss at the financial year end last November.

Also helping these US investors is the weakness of Sterling. At less than $1.40 to the pound, the currency is well below what it was just five years ago, at around $1.80 to $1.90.

Real-estate agents, Savills, forecasts show that prices are set to keep on growing albeit perhaps at a slower pace than now once the Stamp Duty holiday finally comes to an end in September. The firm expects prices will grow by 21.1% between now and 2025.

Other US investors have either invested in UK already or are eyeing prospects. US property investors are also interested in the UK rental market in the form of large managed apartment blocks.

©1999 - Present | Parkmatic Publications Ltd. All rights reserved | LandlordZONE® - US private equity swooping on undervalued UK building companies | LandlordZONE.

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